Genomics is the study of genomes. A genome is made of all the genetic information contained in the cell, carried by the genes. Genes encode proteins if they are transcribed (mRNA) and translated.

We propose targeted techniques such as PCR and quantitative PCR, non-targeted techniques like sequencing, or RTqPCR that allows mRNA measurement, or techniques like MLST, MLVA for prokaryotes, or microsatellites to characterize more precisely entities such as strains or plant varieties.

Genomics analyzes genomes, their structure, their organization and studies their functioning. It includes a set of analyzes such as:

  • genome mapping: structural genomics. High-throughput sequencing of the genome favored its development;
  • identification of new genes;
  • the study of gene function: functional genomics;
  • the study of gene expression: expression genomics, which can be studied using DNA chips. All the messenger RNAs of a tissue represent the transcriptome, while the proteins form the proteome;